The side effects of staying in bed all day include development of bedsores and body aches, especially in the lower back. Lying on bed all day is also associated with an increased risk of stress and depression, and some other psychological and cardiovascular ailments.
There aren’t many people in the world who leave their bed as soon as they hear the alarm (let alone before it!). The idea of lazing around in bed has been around for centuries, but it has gained unprecedented popularity among the masses since the dawn of technological progress. Everything has become so easy that we barely leave bed to do anything, and therefore, end up spending even more time lying around indolently.
However, is the habit of lying around in bed for hours at a stretch a good thing to do?
NASA conducted an experiment to study the effects of laying in bed for days
Back in 2014, NASA conducted a study to determine the nature and magnitude of the deterioration of human bones and muscles in space. The study required a volunteer, Drew Iwanicki, to lay down on a bed for 70 days straight, without getting up for any purpose whatsoever (except for a 30-minute window where he could prop himself up on his elbows to eat!). Although, the study, entitled CFT 70 (Countermeasure and Functional Testing in Head-Down Tilt Bed Rest Study) earned him a payment of $18,000, it was not an easy task.
If a person lies down with their legs raised at an angle, more blood will flow to their head, making their face look puffy; these conditions are pretty similar to the experience of space travel. Here is a detailed description by Drew Iwanicki himself about he felt during and after the study.
Is it bad to stay in bed all day?
Of course, it is!
It is not just this particular position that can be bad for the body, but too much bed rest in any position can be very harmful to the overall well-being of an individual. You must have noticed that there are only very rare occasions when you lie for more than 6-7 hours without making any kind of movement. You move a little by twitching, turning or shifting your weight during your sleep. If you don’t move at all, you can have pressure ulcers, more commonly known as bedsores. These are caused when, due to a lack of movement, the disruption of blood throughout the skin causes certain regions of the skin to perish.
There are a few different stages of bedsores; if bedsores hit Stage 4, then they can negatively affect bones. In extreme cases, bedsores can even kill people. This is why nurses continually change the position of paralytic patients.
Side effects of laying down way too much
Even if bedsores were not an issue, lying in bed for too long does have another shortcomings. A survey conducted during a 2004 study published in the journal Joint, Bone and Spine found that patients with lower back pain, who were prescribed bed rest by doctors, came back with complaints of chronic pain 32% of the time.
In another study published in Journal of Applied Physiology in 2008, rats were put in a specific position similar to the one that humans assume during bed rest; it was observed that rats displayed signs of depression and stress after a period of only 2 weeks. Afterwards, they developed more psychological and cardiovascular disorders, thanks to the prolonged period of bed rest to which they were subjected.
Not So Bad if Regulated
If taken in correct amounts, bed rest is not all bad. On the contrary, it can be a good thing, especially for those who have suffered from a concussion or some other brain injury, as it helps in restoring the normal activities of the brain.
As it turns out, bed rest is not inherently evil; it only becomes so when it’s not regulated. Do yourself a favor and don’t laze around in bed unnecessarily for extended periods of time. Get out and see the world!