Why Does Standing Still Hurt Your Legs More Than Walking For The Same Amount Of Time?

Table of Contents (click to expand)

The main reason standing still hurts your legs more than walking for the same amount of time is because when you’re standing, your leg muscles are constantly engaged to keep you upright. In contrast, when you’re walking, a greater number of muscles in both the legs are engaged. Additionally, they also get assistance from the core muscles, which keep your gait stable. Another reason is that, when you’re walking, the body weight is borne alternatively by either leg. This way, both legs get rest very frequently, even if it lasts for only a second.

There are quite a few man-made ideas and notions that really suck the fun out of our otherwise fantastic lives. People might have problems with a wide range of man-made concepts, but one that sits near the top of my list is the idea of waiting in line. There are only a handful of things that annoy me, and I’m sure that plenty of other folks (like the guy below) despise few things more than waiting in a queue.

Whether it’s the queue for a train ticket, at the grocery store or at a burger joint, standing idle in the same spot for too long is an unbearable activity. Ask me to take a walk for the same amount of time and return to the same spot and I will happily accept your proposal. This makes me think that the loathing we associate with waiting or standing in the same spot for too long is somehow related to the fact that it hurts our feet.

Walk around for 30 minutes, and you won’t feel a thing in your feet, but stand in a single spot for the same duration, and it’s likely that your feet will start hurting. Why is that?

crowd waiting
Waiting can be very tiring

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Why Does Standing Still In A Single Spot Hurt The Feet So Much?

Short answer: While standing still, the legs aren’t really resting. There are some muscles, especially in the calves, which are constantly engaged to prevent you from swaying and keep you standing upright. Also, each foot supports the entire body weight, without being relieved of duty, even for a short while. There are some other reasons too.

waiting in queue
Photo Credit: Pixabay

Leg Muscles Are Constantly Engaged While Standing Still

This might seem like a no-brainer, but when you stand still, you don’t actually stand absolutely still. The body has the tendency to sway a little (thus shifting the bodyweight on either leg) almost constantly. In order to keep you upright, therefore, certain leg muscles, particularly in the calves, must constantly make small adjustments. In contrast, when you’re walking, a greater number of muscles in both the legs are engaged. Additionally, they also get assistance from the core muscles, which keep your gait stable. That’s one of the primary reasons why walking doesn’t hurt nearly as much as standing still for the same amount of time.

Distribution Of Body Weight

Man standing in cross leg ping shoes
Neither leg gets much rest when one stands still for too long (Photo Credit: Pexels)

When one is walking, the body weight is borne alternatively by either leg. This way, both legs get rest very frequently, even if it lasts for only a second. Cumulatively, however, that second’s worth of rest amounts to either leg bearing most of the weight of the body for only half the time. On the other hand, when you are stationary, each leg basically supports half the body weight without getting any rest actual rest.

Moreover, standing still puts the entire load of the body on the underside of each foot, particularly the heels and balls of each foot. As a result, standing still and bearing the bodyweight for too long feels like an uphill task in comparison to simply walking around.

Less Oxygen Driven To Stationary Feet

The blood and lymph fluids begin to pool in one’s feet while standing still for too long, as it’s beyond the heart’s operational capacity to pump the blood from the bottom of the feet (i.e., a body part that lies at an extremity of the body) against gravity.

blood flow from feet diagram
Blood has to flow from an extremity of the body to the heart against the force of gravity

As a result, the leg muscles of a person who is stationary for a few hours will not get as much oxygen as they would if the person were moving, because, in order to pump blood, the heart partially relies on the muscle contractions that happen when one is moving around.

Also Read: Why Can Sitting For A Long Time Cause Blood Clots, But Sleeping For Hours Doesn’t?

The Psychological Aspect Of Standing Still For Too Long

As we just saw, there are a number of biological reasons that make the feet hurt when we stand in the same spot for too long, but there is also a psychological aspect to the discomfort we feel.

While standing in the same spot for too long, maybe even hours, we’re basically not doing anything! In the absence of a real, physical stimulus/activity to distract our mind, we get bored and eventually start thinking about how badly our feet hurt, which doesn’t really help the problem!

Furthermore, taking a brisk walk and jogging also releases certain neurochemicals (like endorphins) or “feel-good chemicals” that uplift our mood, making walking around a preferred option over standing still for too long.

Also Read: Why Do Injuries Hurt More In Cold Weather?

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References (click to expand)
  1. Chapter 18: Posture and locomotion - www.dartmouth.edu:80
  2. Gallery Feet | A Moment of Science - Indiana Public Media. WFIU
  3. Munih, M., & Kralj, A. (1997, January). Modelling muscle activity in standing with considerations for bone safety. Journal of Biomechanics. Elsevier BV.
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About the Author

Ashish is a Science graduate (Bachelor of Science) from Punjabi University (India). He spearheads the content and editorial wing of ScienceABC and manages its official Youtube channel. He’s a Harry Potter fan and tries, in vain, to use spells and charms (Accio! [insert object name]) in real life to get things done. He totally gets why JRR Tolkien would create, from scratch, a language spoken by elves, and tries to bring the same passion in everything he does. A big admirer of Richard Feynman and Nikola Tesla, he obsesses over how thoroughly science dictates every aspect of life… in this universe, at least.