In Pictures: 200-Year Epic Journey of Phones

Phones have become an integral part of our lives. It won’t be an exaggeration if it is said that it is pretty much impossible to imagine today’s world without telephones. Telephones since their invention, have undergone many changes to become small, handy devices which can be carried everywhere, literally everywhere.

Let us have a look at the eventful journey of transformation of telephones through the years..


Recommended Video for you:


Invention of telephone by Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell was the one who invented “talking through wires”. The words which he first spoke on the phone were addressed to his assistant Mr Watson “Mr. Watson–come here–I want to see you.”

centennial2

The Centennial Model

The Centennial Model is so labeled because it was first demonstrated on June 25, 1876 at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia. Bell said to the public that he would show them “something which would speak”.

alexander_graham_bell_500px

Bell demonstrates speaking into the telephone in 1876.

In January 1915, Bell made the first ceremonial transcontinental telephone call. Calling from the AT&T head office at 15 Dey Street in New York City, Bell was heard by Thomas Watson at 333 Grant Avenue in San Francisco.

Bell on the telephone in New York (calling Chicago) in 1892

Bell on the telephone in New York (calling Chicago) in 1892

Telephones in the early 1900s

With the onset of the century, the telephones saw many changes in their basic design and functions. The technology was improving and it reflected directly on telephones as well.

Below is the picture of one of the telephones in the starting years of 20th century. It also has a slight resemblance with a human face, that too, a funny one.

The Telephone in the Early 1900's

Telephone in the Early 1900’s

Here is a picture of the Nickel plated, tapered shaft, aka “oil can” desk set (first from left). This rare set is known as the oil can because of the way it looks upside down.

Desktop

These phones marked the era of the “real” phones, the ones people can associate with today. You must have seen these phones in old movies.

Three Phones 1920 (Candlestick telephone)

Desk Stands, often called “candlestick” telephones, were the first desk telephones manufactured by Western Electric. The desk stands that were built before the turn of the 20th Century were extremely ornate and are today worth many thousands of dollars.

Telephones from 1950 till date

Telephones from 1950 till date

The technology improved further giving way to the telephones we use today. The design of telephones went under a major overhaul to become sleek and stylish. And during this period of advance of telephones, mobile phones came in picture.

Birth of mobile phones

Now that the traditional telephone had developed quite a bit, the idea of “mobile” phones came up i.e., the phones which were mobile or which could be carried around. A lot of mobile phones models were made, but the first one which came in the limelight in 1973 is the one you see below.

The first ever publicly available mobile phone. It was launched by Motorola in 1973

The first ever cordless phone was launched by Motorola in 1973

Martin Cooper made the first handheld cellular phone call in public. Walking down the streets of New York, Cooper – the General Manager of Motorola’s communication system division – talked on the phone. The phone is also known as the “Brick” cell phone.

Mobile phones till 2000

As we entered the millennium, a few companies which manufactured mobile phones, had come to the foreground and the competition to make the best portable calling device was on.

Desktop

After 2000, mobile phones became cheaper and thus became more easily available to the general public. Although they still were not very common, but yes, possessing a mobile phone was no longer a very big deal for people. But it still was considered an item of luxury.

Desktop

First touchscreen mobile phone

Although the first touchscreen phone was invented in 1992 by IBM under the name “Simon Personal Communicator”, it was the first iPhone which changed the way we used touchscreen mobile phones. It was introduced in the United States on June 29, 2007. It featured quad-band GSM cellular connectivity with GPRS and EDGE support for data transfer.

First mobile phone camera system

Today, clicking a picture on a phone and then instantly sharing it with your contacts has become so commonplace that we barely even notice the ‘real time sharing of pictures’ as a feature. But this was not the case more than two decades ago. But that changed in 1997, when Philippe Kahn – an engineer and entrepreneur –  put together a system of a digital camera (that took images in the resolution of 320 x 240 pixels), a Motorola flip phone, a laptop computer and a Web-based infrastructure. After he clicked the picture, it would automatically get uploaded and email alerts would be send to his friends and family, who could then log on and see the uploaded picture. The following image – the picture of Kahn’s daughter just after her birth – is the first ever picture shared in real time through a mobile phone:

first ever photo taken on a phone

The first instantly-shared camera phone photograph

iPhone and the dawn of Smartphones

And with all that. the first iPhone is here!

The first iPhone was released in 2007

The first iPhone was released in 2007

And since then there has been no stopping the tremendous growth. The number of manufacturers kept growing and so did the mobile phones. This was a period of a tremendous boom in the market of mobile phones.

Today, a phone is no longer a phone! It has to, and does, deliver a plenty of functions to the customers. Now you can do almost anything imaginable, by today’s standards, just by tapping your phone a couple of times.

Desktop

Future calling

There are a number of features which we can expect from the smart phones which will be launched in future. Augmented Reality is one such feature. It makes available more information for us users by combining computer data to what we see in real life. Foldable screens will also look a lot cooler.

In fact, LG has already announced a flexible, curved smartphone screen. Its first devices to use the new 6-inch OLED screens will be available next year.

A curved screen phone

The future of smartphones

The future of smartphones

There is practically no end to what we may expect from the future generations of smartphones. Ranging from AR to seamless voice control, there are plenty of things which still are to be incorporated in the revolutionary device.

Test how well you know about the history and evolution of mobile phones

Can you answer a few questions based on the article you just read?

Suggested Reading

Was this article helpful?
YesNo
Help us make this article better

Follow ScienceABC on Social Media:

About the Author

Team ScienceABC is the handle of a team of engineers and science graduates who come up with brilliant ideas every now and then, but are too lazy to sit at one spot to complete an article, and dread the idea of being considered ‘regular writers’.

.
Science ABC YouTube Videos

  1. Why is a Circle 360 Degrees, Why Not a Simpler Number, like 100?Why is a Circle 360 Degrees, Why Not a Simpler Number, like 100?
  2. Quantum Physics: Here’s Why Movies Always Get It WrongQuantum Physics: Here’s Why Movies Always Get It Wrong
  3. Do Fish Get Thirsty and Do They Need to Drink Water?Do Fish Get Thirsty and Do They Need to Drink Water?
  4. Gasoline (Petrol) vs Diesel: Which one is better? A Beginner’s GuideGasoline (Petrol) vs Diesel: Which one is better? A Beginner’s Guide
  5. Black Holes Explained: What Is a Black Hole? How They Form?Black Holes Explained: What Is a Black Hole? How They Form?
  6. Gut Microbiome Explained in Simple WordsGut Microbiome Explained in Simple Words
  7. Particle accelerators: What are they, how do they work and why are they important to us?Particle accelerators: What are they, how do they work and why are they important to us?
  8. How Do Neurons Work?How Do Neurons Work?